Science in general is common for all. Anybody can learn it, practice it, share it, experiment it, question it. Its method of practice for any specific discipline often comes with a learning curve. For some sciences, the learning and unlearning process is more depending upon its evolution throughout history and whether is it being useful or got used (objectification) by the society. Technology cannot be scientific without practicing scientific principles. By default any technology is neither good, nor bad, not even neutral. It is only the scientific process and social participation that makes the corresponding technology pro people, democratic, and scientific - combating anti-scientific forces that coexists in the society.
Even when the field has no restriction for participation, its current honorary status builds artificial barrier for which the historically built knowledge itself contributes for. Thus with time, to make science more accessible, participating community has to unlearn, dehonour unnecessary fame, etc…
Data science can be interpreted as a field that provides scientific methods and process to practice data operations and have always existed from the time whenever humans have started to quantify and organize the knowledge based upon the data, information, facts they have experienced, collected, observed from their environment. Such practice has always been useful to organize information and thereby form proper knowledge to understand historical labour contributed to such knowledge contribution and how it can be useful to the society on the whole.
In general it can be viewed from 2 different perspectives
Data Science is not just limited to scientific method of analyzing data, but spans a broad spectrum of following practices :
Many of the above process does not require coding. Even if coding is present while using software tools, they come process of better tool & platform making. Which we accept as fundamental collaborative peer production process resulting in a high quality and useful tool set that compliments the skill. Thus Data tools becomes a vital and central point for enabling participation with little learning curve while being transparent allows the new comers to select the learning curve travel based upon the time they have presents.
At every turn of history of science & technology, skills, tools, labour decided further course. Evolution of used tools, and skills are itself again products of historical labour. Thus in contemporary usage of tools to practice data science dictates how and what kind of science one is going to practice. A tool that is developed collaboratively by fellow hackers, developers, researchers, statisticians, mathematicians, etc… and also distributed democratically ensures the transparency thereby forming a more available, accessible, affordable ecosystem that reduces the pain in learning and unlearning new set of tools and skills, resulting a course towards progression.
In that sense, there are a number of free software, open data supporting tools as listed below:
|1.||Open Data Kit||Data Collection Suite||ODK||Apache 2.0|
|2.||Open Rosa||Data Collection||Open Rosa ODK||NA|
|3.||GeoODK||Data Collection||Geo ODK||NA|
|4.||Lime Survey||Data Collection/Survey||Lime Survey||GPL 2.0|
|5.||Kobo Tool Box||Data Collection/Survey||Kobo Tool Box||Apache 2.0|
|1.||GNU Scientific Library||Library||GSL||GPL|
|5.||Orange||Application, DM & ML||Orange||GPLv3|
|7.||Jamovi||Applicaiton, Library||Jamovi||AGPLv3, GPL2+|
|8.||Shogun||Application, Library||ShogunToolbox||BSD 3 Clause|
|9.||Stan||Library, Modeling||Stan||New BSD, GPLv3|
|13.||GNU Data Language||Application, Library||GDL||GPLv2|
|1.||Rawgraphs||Vector Data Visualization based on D3||Rawgraphs||Apache 2.0|
|1.||R-Epidemic||Experts in data science, modelling methodology, public health, and software development||R-Epidemics Consortium|
|2.||Persuasion Lab||Methodological, aesthetic and discursive responses to understand the informational turn in propaganda and influence||Counter Publics|
|3.||iDrama Lab||Modern computing and Socio-technical concerns||iDrama|